NT TO } AUGUST 15. 1910. - ENGLISH SERMON Delivered by Rev Father Martin. O. S. B. on the second; day of the Catholic Indian Congress, Fort Yates. N. D.— Sunday June 26, after the gospel of the Pontifical High Mass celebrated by Rt. Rev. Joseph Busch, Bishop of Lead, S. D. in pres- ence of His Excellency, the most Rev. Diomede Faleonio, Apostolic Delegate to the United States, and Rt. Rev. Vincent Wehrle Bishop of Bismarck, N. D. — After having addressed the Indian congregation in the Sioux language the preacher continued as follows:' — t'l consider it my duty to ex- press a special most cordial wel come, in the name of the Catho- lic Mission and Missionaries of Standing Rock, to His Excellen- cy, the most Rev. Diomede Fair coaio, to Rt. Re v.. Vincent Wehr- le, the new Bishop of Bismarck, N. D. and ; to ,Rt. Rev. Joseph Busch, the new Bishop of Lead, S. D.— BishoD attention he is otherwise wont to mews of the total destruction of tied customs, habits and convic- giye to Bishops and priests and General Custer's whole command .tions to new activities and to new important business transactions brought at once consternation in overseeing and ruling the and surprise and greatest disap- church affairs of the country, and has undertaken this long and tedious journey to bring . Christ's message and blessing to his red brerhern of the faith. — point-men t to the War Depart- ment and the Indian Office at Washington. But, how different does the scene appear to-day— what a remarkable and admira- ble change do we not behold and witness! Strange indeed it is social, moral and religions ideas and views. When we commenced work here in 1884 we found many that had been baptized by the early missionaries, but they nad not the time nor chance to instruct them so thoroughly as to make permanently practical Catholics out of them-they were practical- ly wandering nomads up to that When we were assembled in Wehrle having j solemn council and Society meet- jurisdiction over the northern I ing yesterday evening in the that to-day an Apostolic man of part of the Standing Rock Re- 'bowery, out on the, prairie, be. peace and good will should come servation, and Bishop Busch yond the mission church, and the ( from our great capitol city of i time, and the priests had io fol- over the southern portion of it - officers and delegates of the dif- Washington, wending his way ] ow them, whereyer they went, a most sincere welcome also to ferent societies had expressed with a faithful companion, who to d an . y g00( j am0 ng them. It iRey. William Ketcham, theinde- their delight of heart in the joy- is animated by the same noble was the general rather discour- fatigable Director of the Bureau fiil accents of their simple faith; l feelings as the best and most of Catholic Indian Missions in and when the Apostolic Dele- loyal friend of the Indian, to the neighboring cities. It is indeed a most inspiring, spectacle to have so many church dignitaries in our midst and an honor relish- ed and appreciated beyond ex- pression as it never as yet had come to any Indian Congress and mission before. His Excellency, the Papal -Delegate, has really acted the part of the good Shep- herd, yes — of the very best of shepherds, in im'tation of his divine Master, he has indeed left for a while the ninety nine sheep on the mountain to give his pre- cious time to the one sheep, lost as it were, in the far away Da- kota desert, by visiting the poor- est fold and portion of Christ's flock. Yes, generously his Excel- lency has left the sheep in the high places, has left behind him, as it were, for a while the care and the Custer Massacre, had just been fought, and the evening sun of that fatal June day went down and cast its last rays on as dis- mal and. gloomy a sight as ever was witnessed anywhere or re- corded in American history. Soon afterwards, as soon as the sad intelligence had reached civilization, the telegraphic wires .flashed the mournful message throughout the length ., and breadth of the land, from one end to the other, and brought grief into many an American home, when word was , received, that a dear father, a darling brother, a beloved faithful hus- band had been killed by the hostile Indians in. the far west, thus bringing untold sorrow and affliction to .many families^ throughout the country. The Missions, meet here with some even who in those days of horror and calamity steeped their hands in the blood of the white man, but nevertheless they come and unite with these savages of old, wno are now fervent and zealous christians, unite with them and their descendants in worshipping the great Prince of peace before whom all the nations bow in adoration, praise and thanksgiving, We are then ex- ceedingly glad to greet you here, Beloved Prelates, who have fol- lowed ttie invitation of your mis- sionaries to grace this occasion by your august presence. As far as exterior results are con- cerned we have perhaps not much to show, we r feel, at' leist very humble about it -but our con- solation is that the Beauty of the King's daughter is within, that is, in the immortal souls of our Indian converts. To accomplish anything Indian Mission work must be a labor of love, but above all a labor of persevering iron patience. It is said that the Eastern nations, in the far orient cannotbe hustled, and the same must also be said of the tribes on the American continent, especial- aging opinion in those days, that no adult Indian could be lasting- Washington, D. C. to whom we gate as a true pastor of souls Sioux country in these hot June. \y converted. People, and very -really owe the splendor : and im- arose and spoke well chosen j days, that were so fatal to our portant significance of this occa- words of encouragement and army in the summer of 1876. sion, as he was the originator of good advice, of satisfaction and . And these two men of peace, one the idea of this day by inducing gratification to them, and finally ] the representative of the Univer- .the Papal Delegate to visit the dismissed them for the evening sal Catholic Church in thiscoun- '^North West and participate in with his fatherly blessing, and [try, and the other the head ot this Congress— another heartfelt, when the golden rays, of the j the bureau of Catholic Indian welcome to Rev. Father Jerome evening sun sent their last greet- pf Devil's Lake (Fort Totten) the ings to the parting multitude, Pioneer and Senior Missionary when it was slowly sinking be- among the Sioux, who in early neath the western horizon, bid- days commenced his career as ding . a reluctant farewell to a Indian Missionary with the most peaceful and edifying scene Saintly Indian Apostle. Bishop —then I say, another picture Marty of blessed memory, right- presented itself to my mind, yea, here on the place, where we are forced itself upon my memory, assembled to day, and which still when I thougkt of the same even- shows many marks of his zeal ; ing, of the evening of June 25, and energy— a hearty, a thrice ' thirty four ("4) years ago. It cheerful welcome also to the In- was then, on that memorable dian missionaries from other re-, evening of June 25, 1876, that servations and to the visiting! the battle on the little Big Horn priests and Sisters from the in Montana, unduly called good people at that, told us free- ly that all hope was in the schools^ with the children and younger people, that it was ab- solutely useless to try to convert an adult, it was labor lost except if we would just perhaps by chance meet a dying man or wo- man to whom we could quickly open heaven by baptism or by a hurried absolution and Extreme Unction, but otherwise it was not worth while to try. The dictum and conviction seemed to prevail in all minds, that the only good Indian was a dead one. We how- ever, in spite of all things to the contrary, thought it would be a poor rule that would not work both ways, and so commenced work, at once both, in the schools and in the camp, among the children and adults. We learned their language in order to be able to preach to them in their own tongue and to speak thus directly to their hearts, to gain thereby, if possible, their confidence. We kept on instruct- ing and inviting them to church, as it was our ambition to get a dozen or more of well instructed "families to form them in church societies. It was a work of great- est patience indeed. For four (4) long years we had down at St. Benedict's Mission besides the school children only one or two regu- lar communicants— here at the Agency the same conditions were prevailing. But in the year 1888 ly those in the west & north west we finally .had a number, of Ca- — Progress is of necessity slow, ' tholic families ready for the Sa- and it will always be a difficult craments, and they furnished at task, to convert a strongly con- once also the first members for servative people with the'r set- the St. Joseph's Society for the AUGUST 15, 1910. men and for the St. Mary's Society for the women. And as then tbe good work was firmly established and the Societies organized, the ice seemed to be broken and new converts steadily followed their brethern into the church, and up to this day this following continues, as al- most on the return from every mission trip the missionaries report the baptism and conversion of some old men and wo- men, sometimes from 70 to 80 years old. Indeed the Dead Indian is not the only good Indian anymore, to tbe contrary the Live Indian, the Indian who is very much alive in the best sense of the word, is our ideal Indian now. It is and al- ways has been with the Indian also as with his white brother, if he is not good in life he will not be good in death, as our own true and lasting worth or worth- lessness only really commences at the portals of our Eternity. The pioneer sol- diers and frontier men were used to call things by their real names and when they said, that the only good Indian was . a dead one, they wanted to say how dif- ficult it was to raise a people from sav- agery and heathenism, and bring them into the light of true civilization and Christianity. Our favorite Indian at the present day is the sober, honest, indus- trious and trnly christian Indian. To make him good in and for life and death, for time and eternity, shall be our constant endeavor. If the Indian was good and perfect already, no cms? kept in the different mission houses throughout the Indian country, and then the real idea of the magnitude and the hardships of the work will be re- vealed to you. Almost every baptism intimates some extra exertion. and sacri- fice on the part of the missionary, al- most every burial is preceded by a s 4 ck call of from 20 to 100 miles distance in the summer's heat and the winter's cold & storm. And all this means any amount of deprivation and sacrifice. It is some- times maintained that the life of a sim- ple lay brother in his monastery, re- presents or demands the greatest sacri- fice, as it is a constant routine of prayer and labor, and labor and prayer, with no earthiy gratification for human nature. But the life of an Indian missionary is still more sacrificial or penetential. if you will, as in it there is absolutely noth ing that appeals to mere sensual human nature — all is sacrifice. When the priest makes his long missionary trips among white people he may see mostly some little comfort ahead at the end of his long way. some consolation that ap- peals to his heart and encourages him, some gratification that gives him relief after the tedious drive; but the Indian missionary, as a rule, has nothing of the kind in sight before him. If I remem- ber how St. Paul in one of his epistles enumerates the dangers and perils be had to go through in his apostolic life, temuted to think that him in his faith to the end — often de- riving more consolation from the edify- ing life of older christians than from the young ones, who had all advantages of instruction and a good christian educa- tion. Indeed, it is my firm conviction, that when the angels trumpet will call the dead on the last accounting day, large numbers of older christian men and women will arise from our ceme- taries who had sanctified themselves by their childlike faith the best they under- stood it in the simplicity of their hearts. Speaking of the labors of the mission- aries, although being counted as one of them, I nevertheless feel myself free to enlarge on their sacrifice without viola- ting in the least the rules of modesty or humility, because having had charge of a school not so mucn exterior mission worK fell to my lot. As a wnoie I en- joyed the conveniences and homelliKe advantages of school life, which it is very true, was at times also fraught with great cares trials and difficulties, It was selaom tnat I was called out on lengthy trips, but when it happened it always taught me a lesson. Wneu at tunes during vacation, wneu the other f atners were abseut on a snort recrea- tion or attending a Catholic Congress on some otner reservation, I nad a sick- call at some distance, Igeneraily received on t^e part of tne callers every possible consideration, tne best teams and vehi- cles were generally placed at my dispos- al to make tne best ana fastest time, and i-.r tne respective places everything pos attractive in God's holy service.— Others lent their voices in singing fhe praises of the most high in God's temple during the adorable sacrifice of the Mass and other services. If the cup of water given to the wayside beggar wiil enjoy its ricn reward, the more so these good and humble Sisters are entitled to the fullest recompensation for the glorious work they have done all these years in church and school with most commendable zeal and devotion. The missionaries of old in all countries as for instance St. Boniface and his disciples and others had the help of picus Sisters, of St. Lioba, Walburgis and others— Our Lord Himself appreci- ated the services of the pious women that followed him witn his blessed mother during his earthly ministry, and remembered them even in his last hours granting to some of them the privilege of standing beneath his cross in his last dynig moments. St. Paul in his epistles also often has reference in gratitude to the kind services of good women who supported and aided him in his aposto- lic labors. Thus a just and merciful Lord will also richly reward the sacrifices of all religious consecrated to God, who worK for the interests of His Sacred Heart among the lowly and despised who are so apt to be forgotten and neglected. Let us then all be glad and rejoice to- day over this most happy reunion, when our Most Rev. Apostolic Delegate is with us. as the special reprcsenthtive of our tion than his white christian and catho- lic neighbors. But as he has not the Catholic traditions as we have, as he is new iu the faith or has yet to be brought to the true fold, he needs spe- cial care and attention. But once con- verted and brought under the benign and powerful influence of God's holy grace, the Indian Convert is certainly an object worthy of our love care aud admiration. Or is. it not a wonderful work of God's grace and of divine faith to behold a man, who 25 or 30 years ago was known as a savage, walking in the shadows and darkness of paganism and buried in ignorance and all kinds of heathenish superstitions and vices — thinking of hardly anytning else but murder and robbery, to behold this same man now wending his steps regularly every Sunday to his humble mission church to hear Mass, remember- ing that it is Sunday, the Lord's day. which his white brother often forgets, to see this man regularly at the Table of the Lord receiving his Lord and God, whose commandments he is trying to follow now as zealously as he was in- tent on their infraction and violation in years gone by. Certainly here is a change from on High, and if anything reveals the power of God's grace, It is the conversion of a Savage to tbe true and only saving faith. But to accom- plish this, is not the work of a moment. The results and successes of the Indian mission work do not readily appear on the surface, but you take the registers, records and census books as thev are man nature is very much the same everywhere, whether boui d in white red or black, we find very much the same faults *.nd weaknesses everywhere, and withapeop'e only newly arising from the darkness at d shadows of paganism ft e more so, as our patience is thus put to a most severe and tryiug test we have to be patient and charitable to a fault, & therefore I appeal today to the hearts of our Bishops here present to be pa- tient, most patient, with the priests and people confided to their apostolic care. The reward of this patience and for- bearance will not be wanting as I am convinced that in the long run the cares weighing heavily on their mitres will not come so much from their Indian charges as from other quarters. Our Indian converts did often not come up to our expectation, it is true, but yet, when 1 had occasion and still have to examine Chr stian and Catholic life among our white brethern in the North West, I often found that our Indian Ca- tholics compare very favorably with them. Some times, when I felt discour- aged over my school work, it would happen that I had a sickcall to the Camp somewhere in the absence of the other priests — aud when I saw how well prepared the sick one was, how his re- lations and friends had gathered around him and prayed and answered the pray- ers of the priest with a fervor of the early christians, I returned to my work with new courage and love being con- vinced that it was fully possible to con- vert an adult Indian and also to keep accidental mission trips, that my heart went out every time in most sincere svmpatny to tuose meii, wno nad to travel over those roads at ail seasons, often with poorly red teams aud in hard riding wagons, in the most inclement weather and under otner most uninvit- ing and discouraging conditions and circumstances. Wneu I mention the labors of the priest, I do not mean to ignore the la bors and untiring efforts of trie good Sisters, who during ail these long years nave helped tne missionaries in tneir arduous worK in the Indian country, bearing with tnem the heat and burden of tne day, some of tnem iO, 20, 25, even tnirty years. These nooie generous souls Uave sacrificed themselves allto gether to God for the benefit of this humme race. Tbeir pious prayers often penetrated tne heavens In behalf of a nard nearted people, and followed tne missionaries on their long aud ted.ous journyes and helped to make tneir efforts successful. In the scnoois their untiring and persevering exertions day by day most patiently tried to form tue character of the Indian children entrusted to tneir care— very raw and uncouth material to begin with indeed — but whom they fashioned by and by into attractive civil- ized aud christianized beings and use- ful members of society proving them- selves to those children as their spirit- ual mothers in more than one sense of the word. Others adorned the church and altar with their skilful hands making everything lovely and Vicar of Christ on earth, and received Christ's message from his lips, when our Bishops as the true successors of Christ's Apostlels, as the true pastors of our souls and shepherds of our hearts are with us to encourage and inspire us by their most welcome presence, together with so many Indian missionaries and other worthy priests, let us rejoice, I say, with all our hearts and unite in worshipping the one true God of all of us, preparing ourselves by prayer and a good christian life for an eternal insepa- rable Reunion in heaven, when all, bish- ops, priests and people, pastors and flocks, will be united in the one fold of the heavenly shepherd and chief pastor of souls for all Eternity. Amen. At the close of the Congress the Papal Delegate addressed the Indians, he exhorted them to a firm belief in all that the Catho- lic Church teaches, to a strong adherence to the Holy Father and his representatives the Bish- ops, and Priests and recommend- ed to them a great love and con- fidence in the Mother of God, imitating every day her holy life, a great desire of becoming better year after year and especially not forgetting to cultivate the virtue of temperance and sobrie- ty in all things.